App performance is an essential aspect of any cutting-edge mobile application. Unfortunately, a lot of things, like skipped frames and freezes, make the app less reliable and usable. It creates a negative impression on users, eventually harming the company’s reputation.
In most cases, the performance outcomes are adequate when you build apps in Flutter. It is used by around 3.76% of total applications with more than 12 billion downloads. However, this does not mean that your flutter apps are immune to issues like performance leg.
That’s why you must pay close attention to best practices and performance enhancements for your Flutter app during its development. You can also hire Flutter App Developers to help you troubleshoot and optimize the app’s performance.
In this article, we will walk you through some of the best practices for optimizing the performance of your Flutter app.
However, before we go deep into our discussion, let’s learn about the methods to measure the performance of your flutter application.
- How to Measure Flutter App Performance?
- Significant Flutter Performance Issues
- 10 Ways to Improve Your Flutter App Performance
- 1. Use Stateless Widgets to Build Your App
- 2. Incorporate the Constant Keyword into your Code
- 3. Create and Display Frames in 16ms
- 4. Ignore Widget Rebuilding in AnimatedBuilder
- 5. Utilize List Items Wisely
- 6. Avoid Using the Opacity Widget
- 7. Find Out Whether The Code is Async or Sync
- 8. Don’t Use Build ()
- 9. Use Operators Carefully
- 10. Reduce The Size of the Application
How to Measure Flutter App Performance?
Flutter performance testing is essential for determining whether or not your app is performing well. You can do this testing by yourself or by taking help from any reliable Flutter App Development Services provider. There are various tools and methods for conducting flutter performance testing. However, the most efficient ones are listed below.
1. Performance Overlay
The Performance widget is one of the methods for running Flutter performance tests. The overlay widget places two graphs on top of the app.
The top ‘GPU’ graph displays raster thread performance or communication between the app’s layer tree and the device’s GPU. Although it is labeled “GPU,” the graph depicts how CPU resources are used.
Flutter Overlay Widget
The lower “UI” graph displays the UI thread, which contains the written code that the Flutter framework executes.
If a frame is displayed for more than 16.6 milliseconds (indicating that the app’s performance has dropped below 60 frames per second), the blue graph will collapse to reveal a white background and a red vertical line.
If this occurs in the “FPS” graph OR ‘GPU’ graph, it indicates that the visual elements on the screen are too complex to render in time. And if it occurs in the “UI” graph, it indicates that the Dart code is too expensive to execute in time. If both graphs show a red bar, look into the UI thread for any problems.
There are several ways to start the performance overlay, including:
- Flutter inspector: Run the application in Profile mode, startup DevTools, and switch to Inspector view. The Performance Overlay button can be found there.
- The command line: To activate the performance widget, first use the flutter run -profile command, and then use the P key.
2. Performance View
Another way to test the performance of the flutter app is to use the performance view, which includes three tools:
1. Flutter frames chart:
It includes details about each frame, including what work is done during rendering from the UI thread and the raster (GPU) thread.
2. Timeline events chart:
It monitors all events occurring within the application, including scene drawing, frame building, HTTP traffic, and other events.
3. CPU profiler:
It displays how much time each frame takes up on the CPU and method trace.
Flutter performance benchmark tests can also be used to assess app performance. Developers use integration testing to conduct benchmark tests. These tests demonstrate metrics like startup time, battery usage, and jank (skipped frames).
Now, let’s get to know about some of the key Flutter app performance issues.
Significant Flutter Performance Issues
Here are some of the most common performance issues with Flutter development.
- Compared to other development methods, the Flutter application’s APK size is larger. As a result, you’ll see that it uses up more CPU resources, takes up more memory, and potentially slows down your device.
- When it comes to CPU-intensive performance, Flutter is noticeably slower than native languages Swift and Objective-C.
- When using the animation builder or any other development feature, you frequently use multiple widgets. These widgets can have a negative impact on performance. It might be necessary to recognize the widgets and integrate them effectively into your systems.
- You might experience UI lags during the Dart Engine through Skia interfacing, which is characterized as slow performance.
- Image assets or other aspects of your graphics could also be to blame for the poor performance of your application.
With this, we have come to the most important aspect of our discussion and that is:
10 Ways to Improve Your Flutter App Performance
Ways to Improve Your Flutter App Performance
1. Use Stateless Widgets to Build Your App
What occurs when an application uses too many stateful widgets? It may extend build times, hamper app performance and raise the cost of the entire app development process. Stateless widgets are a good alternative to setState() for all the functions you want to create.
A few tips for better performance:
- Rebuild widgets with setState(); only if you believe it will improve the interface without affecting performance.
- Make sure you have a solid plan before you use rebuilding widgets.
- Make sure you’ve divided complex widgets into several primary and sub widgets. And to define the sub-widgets, use Stateless functions.
- Make sure you don’t render the UI by using helper functions during interface development. There might be a few performance gaps. You should try to create Stateless widgets whenever possible for all rendering operations. It will save time, simplify the process, and boost performance.
- Please keep in mind that stateless widgets should only be used for functions that do not change dynamically.
2. Incorporate the Constant Keyword into your Code
After breaking up the widgets in your app into smaller sub-widgets and using stateless widgets whenever possible, it’s time to optimize the resulting widgets. One way to accomplish this is to reduce the memory usage of my app’s widgets.
You can accomplish this by using the constant keyword wherever it is applicable. It can be an effective way to lower memory usage, which could affect rendering. As a result, your app will run more effectively. At the same time, you can avoid the time- and memory-intensive widget-rebuilding process.
3. Create and Display Frames in 16ms
There are two sections on the display: the structure and the image. For an ideal 60 Hz display, developers need 8 ms for the picture and an additional 8 ms for the structure.
If you observe that the app skips frames, check which frames require more than 16 milliseconds to build and render. As there are separate threads for building and rendering, you should aim for each frame to be built in 8ms or less and rendered in 8ms or less to achieve a total of 16ms or less.
If frames are rendered in less than 16ms, it will not make a significant visual difference for users, but it may improve battery life and cause the device to heat up less.
4. Ignore Widget Rebuilding in AnimatedBuilder
Animation is one of the most appealing features of any web or mobile application. Although it draws the user’s attention, it also decreases the application’s performance.
During app development, developers typically use AnimationController. But, it rebuilds a number of widgets in AnimatedBuilder, and this is the usual cause of Flutter’s poor performance.
To avoid poor performance, use CounterWidget, which allows you to create animation without having to rebuild multiple widgets.
5. Utilize List Items Wisely
You might add several list items when creating the interface or business layer for your Flutter application. Due to the method used to load them, these items may take a while to render.
It can get a little tangled, especially when dealing with long and complex lists. The reason for this is that each item in the list is gradually rendered into the system and viewed from there.
Use the ListView() function to optimize the performance and shorten the rendering time. It can speed up list loading and enhance rendering. It might be beneficial for you to stay away from widgets like SingleChildScrollView() and Column().
6. Avoid Using the Opacity Widget
Many developers use the Opacity Widget when creating business applications. The primary purpose of this is to conceal another widget. While wrapping it in opacity widgets is common in programming languages such as Objective-C, it may cause performance issues in Flutter app development.
As an alternative, you can rebuild the widget in a way that also reconstructs the text widget to conceal the widget. If you want it to be visible on the screen, you can use the visibility widget.
7. Find Out Whether The Code is Async or Sync
Before you begin compiling the code, you should decide whether you want it to run asynchronously or synchronously.
It’s important to keep in mind that debugging async codes can be challenging, which can delay testing and launch times. However, incorporating this into your code can enhance both readability and performance. Over time, it might affect how well the application performs.
You should therefore locate the places where you intend to use async codes and incorporate them quickly.
8. Don’t Use Build ()
When you use the Build() method in your code to create interface elements or widgets, you may consume a lot of memory. It can be costly because it consumes CPU power as well.
If you use the Build method in your code repeatedly, it will have an impact on overall performance and slow down your app. Instead of utilizing this technique to create a large application, divide your code into numerous small iterations. In this manner, you can easily render the method without having to use it everywhere.
9. Use Operators Carefully
Operators are language-specific and, when used properly, can improve the performance of your application. To save time when developing the Flutter application, use the null-check and nullable operators. It can also aid in the development of a robust solution and improve code readability. Furthermore, it also aids in error logging and effective solution coding.
10. Reduce The Size of the Application
We considered having solid code, plugins, and numerous features when creating the app to ensure that users would have a positive experience. However, we forget one thing: storing all of this data takes a lot of memory, which reduces performance.
Gradle, one of Flutter’s internal tools, aids in minimizing the size of applications. You can optimize flutter performance by reducing the size of the flutter application. Google has introduced a packaging system, which allows you to assemble collections of Android apps. The best thing about the app bundle is that you can download the original code directly from the Play Store.
Flutter is Google’s framework for developing high-performance mobile apps. It is intended to shorten the development process and enhance app performance. However, if you don’t spend the time optimizing your Flutter app for Performance, your users will receive a poorer-than-expected experience.
The best way to avoid this is to keep the advice we’ve given in mind as you create your next Flutter project. By doing so, you’ll be well on your way to giving your customers a quick, easy user experience.
You can even seek help from a reliable Flutter App Development Company if you’re still unsure how to optimize your Flutter application.
The Flutter developers at Windzoon are experts at creating high-quality, well-coded cross-platform apps. To reap the benefits of our top-notch cross-platform app development services and to receive a quote, visit windzoon.com.
Dharati Thakkar is professional PHP web developer with more than 8+ years of experience. She is mastered in computer application and started her career as a PHP developer. Dharati Thakkar has expertise in Laravel and many other PHP frameworks and likes to write blogs on this disciplines.